The Black Mamba APU was founded in 2013 by Transfrontier Africa and Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region under their Environmental Monitors Programme. It was created to protect the Olifants West Region of Balule Nature Reserve and has since expanded to cover the entire Balule area, 400km². The Black Mamba Anti-Poaching Unit is the first of its kind, being that the majority of the teams are women. They have currently deployed 26 Black Mambas and a further 23 armed guards that operate within Balule and along its boundaries.
Much more than just an Anti-Poaching Unit their main objective is the protection of wildlife but they also strive to create a strong bond and educate the communities that live on the boundaries of Balule and the Greater Kruger Park to the benefits of saving their natural heritage. It is their belief that the war on poaching will not be won with guns and bullets, but through the local communities and education.